Typically, these systems grant young drivers limited privileges in their early driving years, such as restricting the number of passengers, the hours of operation, the use of cell phones while driving, or the types of vehicles that may be driven.
This is especially true when young drivers are denied alcohol. Beverage server training programs have shown some positive effects in reducing alcohol-related traffic crashes in the jurisdictions where they have been adopted, but mandatory programs do not appear to be any more effective than do optional ones.
There is evidence that drinking drivers, even heavy drinkers, will use alternative transportation if it is made readily available. The following strategies provide a foundation for addressing local drunk driving problems.
State of Colorado Department of Transportation 8. It does have the advantage, however, of channeling revenue back to police, which should reinforce enforcement efforts. Processing a drunk driving arrest is time-consuming, typically taking two to four hours.
Police use of preliminary breath-testing devices such as the one pictured above increase the probability that a suspected drunk driver will be arrested.
Obviously, this response will not be effective where a convicted driver has access to other vehicles that are not equipped with interlocks. Locating licensed establishments in areas that reduce the need for patrons to drive.
Victim impact panels force convicted drunk drivers to listen to testimonyfrom the victims of drunk driving, their family members, the police, and medical professionalsregarding the impact that drunk driving has on individuals and society.
An evaluation of the initiative concluded that it is cost-effective Wisconsin Department of Transportation, [ PDF ]. Impounding the vehicles of drivers whose licenses have been suspended or revokedfor whatever reason, including drunk drivingis effective in reducing the likelihood that a driver will be charged with driving offenses, including drunk driving, or will be involved in a traffic crash.
Alternative transportation options include designated drivers and free taxi or limousine rides. Traffic flow is impeded by crashed vehicles. There is some evidence that impoundment and immobilization are as effective as forfeiture as well as less costly and time-consuming for enforcement officials.
Incarcerating convicted drunk drivers. On weekend evenings the number of drunk drivers rises significantly: The extent of drunk driving also depends, obviously, on the availability of vehicles, so it is less likely in societies and communities where vehicles are prohibitively expensive.
One unfortunate effect of providing driver education courses in high schools is that it encourages more young drivers to get their licenses, which in turn leads to more young drivers getting in alcohol-related crashes. Drunk Busters of America Overserving Serving obviously intoxicated guests and patrons increases the risk of drunk driving, especially when drinking occurs at a location that most guests and patrons must drive to.
Low Risk of Apprehension Perhaps the single most significant factor in explaining why people drive while impaired is that they believe that there is little risk that they will be caught by policeand statistically, they are correct.
One of the advantages of interlocks over license revocation and vehicle confiscation is that it allows the offender and his family to continue to use the vehicle for legitimate purposes such as employment. Raising the minimum legal drinking age.
While it is difficult to change public behaviors with respect to drinking and driving, publicity campaigns can help build support within the community for addressing the problem.
Enforcement The main goal of drunk driving enforcement should be to raise the perception among drinking drivers that they will be stopped and investigated for drunk driving. An estimated one-fifth to one-fourth of U. There is evidence that high blood alcohol concentration and a prior history of drunk driving or other traffic violations are significant predictors that an offender is likely to drink and drive again.
Generally the BAC in these cases is 0. However, at least one intensive supervision programa day treatment center that provided supervision, reporting, employment, counseling, education, and community resource referrals in a nonresidential facilitydid not prove to be any more effective at reducing repeat offending than did a standard probation program.The Problem of Drunk Driving.
This guide begins by describing the problem of drunk driving and reviewing the factors that increase its risks. It then identifies a series of questions that can help analyze local drunk driving problems. Drunk Driving As A Social Problem. Leave a reply.
The issue of utmost importance is, “How can this problem be solved? Are there some solutions to the problem of drunk driving?” Like most other social problems, there is no simple solution to drunk driving.
However, there are things that can be done that can help reduce the problem of. Drunk driving has been a problem in the United States since the introduction of automobiles; however, it did not become an important social issue until the ’s.
At that time the political atmosphere defined crime in terms of. Responses to the Problem of Drunk Driving Analyzing your local drunk driving problem will give you a better understanding of the factors that contribute to it.
Once you have analyzed your local problem and established a baseline for measuring effectiveness, you can consider possible responses to the problem. Drunk Driving as a Social Issue How much longer will we be forced to endure the pain and atrocities due to the carelessness of drunk driving?
Drunk driving has been a problem in the United States since the introduction of automobiles; however, it did not become an important social issue until the ’s. Drunk driving has been a problem in the United States since the introduction of automobiles; however, it did not become an important social issue until the s.
At that time the political atmosphere defined crime in terms of.Download