An overview of the arguments against and in favor of physician assisted suicide and euthanasia

Argument in Favor of Euthanasia or Physician Assisted Suicide (Annotated Bibliography Included)

For patients who are suffering but who are not dependent on life support, such as respirators or dialysis, refusing treatment will not suffice to hasten death.

The physician or another lends expertise; the person does the act. Physician-assisted suicide is wrong for similar reasons, in that people kill human beings themselves with the assistance of others who thereby become accessories to killing.

Voluntary euthanasia occurs when someone, out of compassion, does an action with the intention of ending the life of a suffering patient at his or her request.

Further, the Second Circuit Court of Appeals has ruled that physicians may prescribe drugs which would enable competent but terminally ill patients who are in the last stages of their illness to end their lives.

Secular Perspectives Suicide has been unacceptable in most western societies for centuries. The ultimate test of what is setting the agenda of our lives may well be how we deal with suffering in the face of death.

In addition, there is concern that the impetus to continue work on the significant gains made in good palliative care in the past 20 years may be weakened. Thus PAD may be a compassionate response to unremitting suffering. Physician-assisted suicide and euthanasia were explicitly proscribed in the Hippocratic Oath.

Christian motivation has undergirded a significant portion of the modern hospice movement in Europe and North America. Prescriptions may be written no less than 48 hours after the receipt of the written request. Recent laws in Oregon and the U.

This focus on individualism has also caused many secularists and some Christians to re-think the issue of suicide. Opportunities to rescind request at any time. Using the ethical principle of double effect as the foundational argument, it is generally held by most professional societies, and supported in court decisions, that this action is justifiable.

McLachlan identifies what he sees as important points regarding the justification of legal distinctions in the absence For instance, the Hippocratic oath states, "I will not administer poison to anyone where asked," and I will "be of benefit, or at least do no harm.

Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide

This ruling overturned that of the district court, which denied three terminally ill patients the right to end their lives via the self-administration of medication prescribed by their physicians. Jack Kevorkian has now been acquitted by juries three times in cases where he has admittedly assisted people to commit suicide.

Jack Kevorkian who claimed to have assisted over patients in death, and was acquitted on murder charges on multiple occasions. The rights to privacy and freedom of belief include a right to die This is the idea that the rights to privacy and freedom of belief give a person the right to decide how and when to die.

Miracle cures or recoveries can occur.

Arguments For and Against Euthanasia

Doctors are given too much power, and can be wrong or unethical. This discussion should supersede any debate over the use of particular terms or language. In some situations, discontinuation or withholding of treatment may be appropriate from Christian and secular perspectives alike: Secular objections Secular opponents argue that whatever rights we have are limited by our obligations.

Patient requests and physician responses. Surveys of individual physicians show that half believe that PAD is ethically justifiable in certain cases Cohen et al.

However, implicit in the understanding of the word suicide is the notion of a premature death that is being hastened out of despair, therefore when mental illness impairs judgment, intervention to stop a suicide is ethically warranted because the person seeking suicide has lost his ability to carefully weigh the benefits and burdens of continued life.

Pro-euthanasia arguments

Some argue that PAD is ethically permissible see arguments in favor. Responding to a request for hastening death. Thus, using the term passive euthanasia to describe such acts is a misnomer.

Should an incurably-ill patient be able to commit physician-assisted suicide?

Those who argue that PAD is ethically justifiable offer the following arguments: Augustine and Aquinas are primarily responsible for the formulation of the current Christian position against suicide.

That gives both you and the patient time to prepare for a fuller exploration of PAD as well as other palliative treatments, hospice, etc.

Support for physician-assisted suicide has been increasingly gaining momentum, as is illustrated by the following legal decisions.

Quillthe Second Circuit Court found a New York law prohibiting assisted suicide was in conflict with the equal protections clause of the 14th amendment, which says that no state shall "deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws. The distinction between active euthanasia and passive euthanasia is not helpful, and is often confusing.

Send a copy of the dispensing record to DOH within 30 days. People have the right to die Human beings have the right to die when and how they want to InAs it stands, there is a solid argument in favor of human euthanasia or physician assisted suicide.

As such, it should be recognized that “patients have a right to make their own decisions to preserve free choice and human dignity: this right includes the right to choose assisted suicide" (Ersek 48).

Euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide are impermissible. But there is no Mira duty to pr long life as long as possible if one is ill and misery According to the doctrine of double effect, relieving pain and suffering is permissible if it leads to death and is unintended d but foreseen.

Some arguments for euthanasia, however, depend on the alleged equivalence between active and passive euthanasia.

Some of the strongest arguments against euthanasia are of the slippery-slope type: active voluntary euthanasia is wrong because it leads to bad consequences, such as an increased risk of unjustified killings.

The Positive Aspects of Physician Assisted Suicide

Physician-assisted suicide and euthanasia were explicitly proscribed in the Hippocratic Oath. Although this was a minority opinion when introduced years ago, the Hippocratic outlook gradually became the dominant influence for practitioners of.

Reports from the Netherlands, where euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide are legal, reveal that doctors do not always report it. The assumption that patients should have a right to die would impose on doctors a duty to kill. May 20,  · It is important to note that both terms, “physician assisted suicide” and “physician aid-in-dying” are value-laden and may reflect the speaker or writer’s political or ideological support for or objection to the practice.

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An overview of the arguments against and in favor of physician assisted suicide and euthanasia
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