A strategy of commercializing provision was extended into the social services and government research institutions. There are also more than private primary and secondary schoolsmost of them run by the Roman Catholic Church or some other religious group.
Many government departments were corporatised and restructured into commercially oriented organisations, some of which were then sold to private investors. The changes, however, illustrate the application of the comparative systems approach to government policy and the fact that the comparison often took the form of advocacy based on philosophical preference.
After the second oil shock ofthe National Government tried to fix the problem with new industrial and energy initiatives and farm subsidies. University of Otago Press, The aim was to improve efficiency for more clearly defined ends through tile introduction of contractual relations between tile minister and chief executive officer.
Local government Local government bodies consist of elected councils at the regional and city levels together with specialist and community boards.
An Insulated Economy, A balance of payments crisis in was met by the introduction of administrative restrictions on imports. From the mids, the two-party system involving Labour and National appeared. Despite the aspirations of GATT, the United States, Western Europe and Japan restricted agricultural imports, especially of temperate foodstuffs, subsidized their own farmers and, in the case of the Americans and the Europeans, dumped their surpluses in third markets.
If the reforms of the first phase have been assimilated and the second-phase reforms to core government operations have made relatively little impact on the general public, attitudes to the third phase of welfare reform remain divided, with widespread scepticism or hostility.
Devaluation without a Balance of Payments Crisis. The New Zealand pound was devalued by 14 percent against sterling in January Catherine Isaac, a former Act president, says charter schools would not have to follow Ministry of Education requirements but would be free to set their own timetables, school terms and teacher working conditions.
New Zealand might have specialized in customized and skill-intensive manufactures, but the policy environment was not conducive to the promotion of excellence in niche markets. They generally appointed CBOs in their image. Factors of production switched out of the protected manufacturing sector, and were drawn into services.
Thus there is a Ministry of Defence and a separate New Zealand Defence Forces although the clarity of the division is confused by the operational forces still having their own policy unit.
From the early s the financial industry was transformed by deregulation. Under the Accident Compensation Act ofall persons suffering personal injury from any sort of accident, whether at work or not, can receive compensation for disability and loss of earnings, and they are covered by insurance for any medical or other treatment; in return they waive the right to sue for damages.
Alexander Turnbull Library, B It was argued that this was needed on an industry-wide basis because small individual firms could not afford the cost of training, only to find the worker recruited poached by some less committed firm.
This was, perhaps, an instance of the Olsen thesis that growth is lsowed by long-established pressure groups. Most were young people andbabies were born. They traded with Maori for food, sexual services, and other supplies.
The housing stock in most towns and cities is made up primarily of single-family detached houses, reflecting a traditional housing preference for stand-alone family homes. If as the Treasury believed, private ownership was inherently superior to public ownership, giving the assets away would promote efficiency, which in due course might enhance government revenue from additional taxation.
Evidently, the government believed that the unemployment benefit level was discouraging active work-seeking and perhaps propping up the lowest wages, discouraging job creation by firms.
There were dramatic fluctuations in inflation and in economic growth. Where quasi-autonomous non-governmental public organizations quangos exist they are now generally subject to commercial disciplines or pressures. How are we to offer a comprehensive evaluation of the change, without an agreed set of objectives and priority weights?
At the trough, innet farm income was negative. Services The public-service sector is a large employer, especially in Wellingtonwhere the head offices of government departments are located.Political Policies in the Twentieth Century At the turn of the century, the Liberals, New Zealand's first modern political party, were in power as the Government.
The Liberals created a 'family farm' economy, by subdividing large estates and buying more Maori land in the North Island.
The fourth Labour Government launched far-reaching reforms of tertiary education in the late vi History of tertiary education reforms in New Zealand. sets out a chronology of the main tertiary education reforms in New Zealand since the late s.
The reforms cover changes in funding arrangements and adminis tration across the post. A brief history New Zealand is a young country, in both geological and human terms. In fact, New Zealand was the last habitable place in the world to be discovered.
New Zealand's per capita income dropped during the radical reforms of the s but has since stabilized. Its employment rate has consistently out-performed other developed countries for the past. In a poll to find the greatest New Zealand songs of all time, seven of the top 10 were released in the s.
The likes of Split Enz and Crowded House put New Zealand music firmly on the international map by succeeding in. s and s reforms. In the s, New Zealand education underwent more major reforms.
Early in the decade, the government called for a review of the curriculum.Download