At least in Paris, the re-emergence of gangs is thought to have been spurred by the increase in drug trafficking and the growth of the underclass Kroeker and Haut Groups offer fellowship—a way to bond with others who share similar interests or goals.
Ever since its inception, the Bloods gang whose color is red has had an arch rival in the form of the Crips whose turf color is blue. According to the National Gang Threat Assessment, in Sur 13 was present in 35 states across the nation.
What has made these groups come about? Ethnographic research highlights the social and emotional support that gangs can provide. Often a police officer may stumble upon one of these pages, or an informant can give access to the local gang page.
Children of these families may often go to the gang firstly out of boredom and to belong somewhere. A huge part of this problem has to deal with the gang problem in the city — most specifically on the gritty south side of the city. A broad range of youth groups existed in the former Soviet Union ; however, it was not clear that these groups actually constituted gangs.
The limited research on gangs in Asia indicates that youth gangs in Malaysia and Thailand commit a relatively large share of the total crime there Holyst Nearly four out of five gang members on reservations were of Native American, Alaskan Native, or Aleut descent. The most common multiethnic gangs involve Hispanics and whites Klein Sometimes humorous, this type of graffiti might be of a sexual context or might include memorable quotes.
Other researchers have turned to the individuals who deal with gangs for a definition. It is then that the bond between the kid and the gang is completed because the gang has effectively taken. Terence Thornberry noted that although many gang members use violence before joining a gang, gang membership and not prior offending is the better predictor of subsequent involvement in violent crime.
Some researchers classify gangs not according to their racial and ethnic makeup, but according to what purposes they serve and their organizational structures. For example, Robert Bursik Jr. Miller defines a street gang as "a self-formed association of peers, united by mutual interests, with identifiable leadership and internal organization, who act collectively or as individuals to achieve specific purposes, including the conduct of illegal activity and control of a particular territory, facility, or enterprise.
However debate persists over the extent and nature of gang activity in the UK,   with some academics and policy-makers arguing that the current focus is inadvisable, given a lack of consensus over the relationship between gangs and crime.
A young child sees this a perfectly acceptable because he knows that the "bad guy" was wrong but has no idea of what acceptable apprehension techniques are. Graffiti has been a form of communication since ancient times. These familiarities stress the group nature of their interactions and provide a sense of personal and group identity.
If the gang is well established and has existed for some time, residents may simply accept the gang as part of neighborhood life. Many Asian gangs are also ethnically heterogeneous, involving youths from Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, Cambodian, Filipino and various Pacific Islander backgrounds Klein Gangs may use hand signs and specific mannerisms, such as a particular way of walking, as symbols of gang identity.
Central to the debate is the issue of criminal activity.
Even though law enforcement officials surveyed in the NYGS stated that gang membership held steady in the first decade of the twenty-first century, an increasing number of students reported gang activity at school.
The transformation from playgroup to gang occurs when youths encounter others who oppose or display disapproval for their group. Most localities use the broader gang member—based definition, rather than the motive-based definition, when classifying a homicide as gang related.
The gang has helped the community by protecting it against outsiders so people here have kind of depended on it. Most of their members tend to be of Mexican descent, but in recent years, they have become open to other nationalities as well.
Other family characteristics also contribute to gang life. Prison gangs often have several "affiliates" or "chapters" in different state prison systems that branch out due to the movement or transfer of their members. Also, more than half of the men and three-quarters of the women witnessed the arrest of a household member when they were children.
The Brotherhood is also known as The Brand or AB or One-Two has been in operation since the s, and while they origins may have had central themes in common with Nazism, it has evolved into a true criminal syndicate. Since gangs consist of both juvenile and adult members, many gangs have come to use juveniles extensively in the commission of crimes.
The legal requirements for validating a person are much lower than the requirements for convicting of a crime. However, youth gangs have been reported across many countries. Social scientists use the term gang most frequently when describing groups of juveniles.
The National Gang Threat Assessment also reports that gangs are thought to be increasingly associating themselves with organized crime groups, such as Mexican drug organizations and Asian and Russian organized crime.
It is believed that some students join gangs to avoid persecution by gang members.Chapter 8: Violence and Gangs THE SCOPE OF THE GANG PROBLEM CHARACTERISTICS OF GANGS GANG CRIME AND VIOLENCE CONSEQUENCES OF BEING IN A GANG  THE SCOPE OF THE GANG PROBLEM Gangs have a long history in the United States , dating back to the s.
- Gangs Works Cited Missing Gangs are a violent reality that people have to deal with in today's cities. What has made these groups come about. Why do some kids feel that being in a gang is an acceptable and prestigious way to live. Interest in gangs declined in the s; however, gangs have increasingly captured the attention of academics since Many of the efforts since the s focus on the social disorganization perspective from which much of the original gang research originated.
Nowhere is this more prevalent than on the streets of Chicago. By October 27,the Windy City had registered murders, largely a result of gang violence—surpassing ’s homicide total.
Some 33, violent street gangs, motorcycle gangs, and prison gangs are criminally active in the U.S. today. Many are sophisticated and well organized; all use violence to control neighborhoods. A gang is a group of associates, friends or members of a family with a defined leadership and internal organization that identifies with or claims control over territory in a community and engages, either individually or collectively, in illegal, and possibly violent, behavior.
Some criminal gang members are "jumped in" (by going through a process of initiation), or they have .Download